Type or paste a DOI name into the text box. Over 9 million causes practices and effects of war pdf die worldwide each year because of hunger and malnutrition.
In some parts of Africa a quarter or more of the crops go bad before they can be eaten. More generally, high losses in developing nations are mainly due to a lack of technology and infrastructure as well as insect infestations, microbial growth, damage and high temperatures and humidity. The impacts of this waste is not just financial. More rotting food, creating more methane — one of the most harmful greenhouse gases that contributes to climate change.
Reducing wastage in the US by half could reduce adverse environmental impacts by 25 percent through reduced landfill use, soil depletion and applications of fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides. See page 10, Table 1 for the data. The best meal you’ll never have! Costing the Earth, BBC Radio 4, April 14, 2005. American supermarkets, restaurants, cafeterias and homes, and is also the source for the Sweden, Africa and developing nations figures. See also, for example, this site’s section on consumption effects for more issues.
Stats on annual deaths and medical costs from from the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization’s State of Food Insecurity in the World 2004 report. In a world of plenty, a huge number go hungry. Hunger is more than just the result of food production and meeting demands. The causes of hunger are related to the causes of poverty. One of the major causes of hunger is poverty itself. The various issues discussed throughout this site about poverty lead to people being unable to afford food and hence people go hungry.
Some of the above are introduced here. Over time, this will grow, and more will be added so do check back for updates. The following passage summarizes it very well, asking Is It Overpopulation or Who Controls the Land? Through repeated acts of enclosure the peasants were pushed off the land so that the gentry could make money raising wool for the new and highly productive power looms. They could not do this if the peasants were to retain their historic entitlement to a share of production from the land. Massive starvation was the inevitable result of this expropriation.