This article eros and psyche pdf about the Greek god Eros. The Greek ἔρως, meaning “desire,” comes from ἔραμαι “to desire, love”, of uncertain etymology. Beekes has suggested a Pre-Greek origin.
Eros appears in ancient Greek sources under several different guises. A cult of Eros existed in pre-classical Greece, but it was much less important than that of Aphrodite. However, in late antiquity, Eros was worshiped by a fertility cult in Thespiae. Eros the first of all the gods to come into existence. Earth, the Air and Heaven had no existence. In later myths, he was the son of the deities Aphrodite and Ares: it is the Eros of these later myths who is one of the erotes. We must have a word with Aphrodite.
Let us go together and ask her to persuade her boy , if that is possible, to loose an arrow at Aeetes’ daughter, Medea of the many spells, and make her fall in love with Jason . He smites maids’ breasts with unknown heat, and bids the very gods leave heaven and dwell on earth in borrowed forms. Once, when Venus’ son was kissing her, his quiver dangling down, a jutting arrow, unbeknown, had grazed her breast. In fact the wound was deeper than it seemed, though unperceived at first. Eros drove Dionysos mad for the girl with the delicious wound of his arrow, then curving his wings flew lightly to Olympus. And the god roamed over the hills scourged with a greater fire.
The story of Eros and Psyche has a longstanding tradition as a folktale of the ancient Greco-Roman world long before it was committed to literature in Apuleius’ Latin novel, The Golden Ass. The novel itself is written in a picaresque Roman style, yet Psyche retains her Greek name. The story tells of the struggle for love and trust between Eros and Psyche. Aphrodite was jealous of the beauty of mortal princess Psyche, as men were leaving her altars barren to worship a mere human woman instead, and so she commanded her son Eros, the god of love, to cause Psyche to fall in love with the ugliest creature on earth. But instead, Eros falls in love with Psyche himself and spirits her away to his home. After successfully completing these tasks, Aphrodite relents and Psyche becomes immortal to live alongside her husband Eros. In Greek mythology, Psyche was the deification of the human soul.
The Greek word psyche literally means “soul, spirit, breath, life or animating force”. A Red-Figure Plate with Eros as a youth making an offering. This Roman Eros once rode a dolphin, a common convention for 1st century AD depictions of the deity. Corso, Concerning the catalogue of Praxiteles’ exhibition held in the Louvre. Larousse Desk Reference Encyclopedia, The Book People, Haydock, 1995, p. Beekes, Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Brill, 2009, p. See the article Eros at the Theoi Project.